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穿梭11年的数学短跑:寻觅那颗最完善的“鹅卵石”

中科大两位传授证实国际数学界20多年悬而未决的焦点预测前后

2020-11-16 新华逐日电讯 徐海涛 陈诺
【字体:

yuyinbobao

wangbingchuanshouquanshi“hamierdun-tian”yucededadidaoli。benbaojizhechennuo she

  “wenmingxuezhefuliman·daisenshuo,youxieshuxuejiashiniao,youxieshitianji。feiniaonenggouniaokanyanzhangzhiyouyuandipingxiandeshuxueyuanjing,tianjizeleyushenqieqiecuotedingtimudexijie。zhiyuzanmen,jiuxiangshishuichibiankeqiaofamingbanlanhuaduodetianji。”

  jinqi,zhongguomixinshouyidaxuechuanshouchenxiuxiong、wangbingqudeyanzhongchongpo,zhengshile“hamierdun-tian”he“pianlingjieguliang”zheilianggeguojishuxuejie20duonianxuanerweijuedejiaodianyuce。mianlinruchaozanmei,tamenruxushuo。

  能完全看懂的“不到10人”

  chenxiuxiong、wangbingdelunwen,banfayuguojidingjishuxueqikan《weifenduoshaoxuezazhi》。

  xueshujieyourenshuo,zheipianzhangda123yedelunwen,quantianxianengwanquankandongdeguliang“budao10ren”。“querenguoyanshen,woshikanbudongderen。”wangyoudelichangshizaierxinai。youkepuzuojiashuo,“zheishizuinantingzhideyicikepu。”

  neimo,tamenjiujingzhengshileshenme?

  “zanmenzaishaanshangkandaodeeluanshidaduoshiyuanrunde,tayilutounenggouyoulengyoujiao,dangenzheshikongliuzhuan、chaoqichaoluo,waixinghuiyulaiyukaojinwanshan、guifan。danshijishizaiwanshandeyanbian,eluanshiyenenggoubaoluoyixieyibiandechusuo,duoshaoshangchengwei‘qidian’。jianlvelaijiang,‘hamierdun-tianyuce’jiyucedadadouchusuodoushiwanshande,er‘qidian’dejuxishikekongde,beixiandingzaiyigediweikongjian。”chenxiuxiongshuo,tahewangbing,bianshizaishuxueshangyankuzhengshilezheigeyuce,bingyiciweigenbenzhengshilechanfafanchoude“pianlingjieguliangyuce”。

  shuxueyuce,shiduiyumougetianranjingxianghuoshijideyuce、jiading,ruoshibeishuxuetilizhengshiweizhunquede,jiuchengweidingli;zhengshiweimaobingdezediuqi。

  “tichuyuce——zhengshihuozhengwei,zaitichuyuce——zaizhengshihuozhengwei……ririxin,yourixin,zheibianshishuxuechengzhangdetujing。”wangbingshuo,“zheiyeshirenleiduitianranrenzhibushijiashendejincheng。”

  weifenduoshaoxueshiyantaokongjianduoshaodexueshi,zaizheigefanchou,xianxianguooula、gaosi、limandengpangdademingzi。dadaoyuzhoushousuo,xiaodaorezhanglengsuo,zhuduotianranjingxiangdounenggouguinadaokongjianyanbian。“hamierdun-tianyuce”he“pianlingjieguliangyuce”tichuyu20shiji90nianyue,shuyushuxuejiedejiaodianyuce。

  “eluanshihuiyuebianyuewanshan,duoshaobujuhuibianchengyigedenghoudewaixing。zanmenbatianranjingxiangyongshuxuegongjuzuolezhengshi。”chenxiuxiongshuo。

  能够100年后才有用

  “zheilianggeyuceyoushenmeyong?”zaiyixiewangzhanshang,zheishigeremenhuati。youxueshujiewangyouganjue,yingdanggengjiuyuandiduidaizheigetimu,cikeqianyandeshuxuegongxiao,“nenggou100nianhoucaiyouyong”。

  “gencongzishendexinli,lieqixinqudongzanmendeyantao。”chenxiuxiongshuo,genbenyantaoputongbujianjiezheyanyuliyong,danshehuichengzhangzhengshilegenbenyantaodeganhua。

  weifenduoshaoxuefayuanyu17shiji,duiwulixue、dilixue、gongchengxuedengchengzhangfashenglepangdabianceganhua,xiayijueduilun、liangzichanglundengdouyituoweifenduoshaozuoweishuxuegenben。

  duiyeshengzhineng、jixieren、vr(jiazaoshiji)denggudaishouyi,weifenduoshaoyiyangbukehuoque。bifangpianzi、youxishuxiaoyituojijiaojituxingxue,weifenduoshaoxuebianshiqigenben。

  “yeshengzhinengshiduishizaitianxiadeyouyongpojin。bifangzhudongjiashishouyi,nenggoubaqian20nianyiqiedechehuoxinxidoulurushujuku,dantianxiashixiangqianchengzhangde,ruoheyingdabingbikaixinhuanjingxiadechehuo?”chenxiuxiongshuo,zheigetimuyexunenggouyongweifenduoshaodesiweichuli,duijianglainenggouxianxiandechehuotingzhi“yuce”,congertizaoduobi。

  在黑房子里“找门”

  yantaoyuceyongle5nian,lunwenpianfuzhangda123ye,banfachulaiyouhuale6nian……biniyucezishen,zheixieshuzimianqiandegushiyiyangrerenxiasi。

  11nianqian,dang27suidemeiguopulinsidundaxueboshihouwangbingtichuzhugong“hamierdun-tianyuce”shi,tadedaoshichenxiuxiongchileyijing。3niandeboshihou,zuochukeyangongxiaonengliqingqiuzhengshijiaozhi。danyizheigeyucedenandu,3nianjiwunenggou,naizhinenggouhuibei“kazhu”“diushi”,huidiaoxueshushenghuoshengji。

  “daoshidanyouwobazishenzhiyufengxiandibu。”wangbingshuo,yexiangxianzuodianqingyideyantao,danfamingzuobudao,“zuobiedeshenmedouchenbushangqu,chabusi、fanbuxiang,zhengtianxiangzhezheigeshi。”

  shuxuezhimeiranglaizizhongkedashaonianbandewangbingchimi,zheiyifeiyitianliangtian。2003nian,eluosixuezhegeligaoli·peileiermanlijing8nian,zhengshilewenmingdepangjialaiyuce。

  “yaoshuoxingkuineili,shuobuchulai,jiuxiangwangweideshi,ninengshuoqingximeizaineili?wobianshichenmi。”wangbingshuo,peileiermanchongpodegengdayisizaiyu,fankaileyigehongdaqilidekeyan“baozang”jinkou,ranghuanqiudeqingnianshuxuefensiweizhichikuang。

  zhengzhengkenleliangnian,wangbingdudonglepeileiermande3pianxiongwen,haifaminglecizhongyigeeduo,peileiermanhenkuaifushubiaoxianchengren。

  dan“hamierdun-tianyuce”zhinanyuanchaoshexiang。“2012nian3yuewozaixiaweiyibihui,kanzhechuangwaimeijing,turanxiangqilai,zanmendelunzhengyougefengxi。zheixiangzhengzheganleliangnianduodeyantaoyaotuidaozhonglai,xielewushiduoyedelunwenyaoconglingqitou。”wangbingshuo,zheileidamaobingfanguoliangci,xiaodechengqianshangwan。

  “zhengshiweizhideyuce,jiuxiangzaiyigezhouzao1pingfangqianmideheifangzilizhaolu,burenheliangguang,danniyaozai1gexiaoshineizhaodaoduyiyishannengchuqudemen。”chenxiuxiongshuo,zuiyouyongdetilishichaozheyigebiaodemudezou,danrenchangchangzouleweijijiuqitoudigu:wanyibiaodemudemaobingni?

  “yishi,haodeshuxuebiranshifazixinlide,nihenxihao,xinrentashiduide。”yantaole30duonianshuxuedechenxiuxiongshuo。

  论文长,诠释更长

  2014nianchuxia,lijing5niankudou,tamenzhongjiushixianleyucedezhengshi,bingjianggongxiaoyuyinbenzhangtiedaoxueshuwangzhan,yinfaxingyeneibuxiaodezhenhan。

  weilejiangzhengshiwanquanxianxian,wangbingjianglunwentougaodaoyijiazhemingshuxueqikan,buliaoquekaiqilelingyiduanzhangzheng。

  yucezhengshizhongyouliangduoxinguandian、xintili,zheijiaqikandenimingshengaorenbushitichuyinan,tamenjiubushidafuquanshi。liangnianjian,dafuduodashijihui,dafuneirongduijijin200ye,biyuanwenhaizhang。

  jiuzaitamenganjuedouquanshiqingxile,queshoudaolejugaoxin,shengaorenmihudibiaoxian,rengduijubuquanshicuowujing。

  dantongshi,xueshuwangzhanshangquexianxianlelingyipianliyifujin、bujujinsidelunwen。zuozheshiyimingouzhouren,tadelunwenjiagoujiyuchenxiuxiong、wangbinglunwendeguantoushefa,quechuanboguchuizishenzhengshile“hamierdun-tianyuce”。

  duoniangongxiaonenggouhuibeiqiangzou,chenxiuxionghewangbingjiangwenzhangfenhongliangjubu,bielitougaojichabiedexueshuzazhi,douzai2017niannianmobeijieguan。youyuzazhipaiqiyuanyou,2017nianhebennian,tamen103yedelunwenqianbanjubuhe123yedehoubanjubu,bielideyibanfa。

  erneiweiouzhouxuezhezaizhengshibanfadelunwenzhong,yemingbaishuomingchenxiuxiong、wangbingyixianxingzhengshile“hamierdun-tianyuce”。zhici,zhengyihuichenluoding。

  《weifenduoshaoxuezazhi》shengaorenpipingganjue,chenxiuxiong、wangbingdelunwenshiduoshaochanfafanchoudeyanzhongtingdun,jiangjiqizhuduoxiangganyantao。feierzijiangqudezheximeng·tangnasenjiangshishuo,zheishi“duoshaofanchouzuijinjinianlaideyanzhongchongpo”。

  cishi,jiangetamenqidongyantao,yinangxile11nian。

  返国,这里有最好的先生

  zoujinwangbingdebangongshi,zuirerenzhushideshiyigedaheiban,jijinzhanyouzongxiangyimianqiang。“wohaixianbugouda,xiejibujiumeichusuole。”zaiwangbingkanlai,shuxueshiduanpaoshiduiji,“buxiezaiheibanshang,xiangdegongjunenggoushicuode。”

  2018nian,yizaimeiguoqudebishengjiaozhidewangbingyufurenyilufanguo,yishiweile“guishugan”,ershiyouyu“zheiliyouzuihaodexiansheng”。

  zaiputongjiangshouyiwai,wangbingkaibanleyige“huishangban”,meizhouyisankaike,20duogexianshengzhongjubulaizibenxiao,gengduoshitiannandibeimumingerlaide“shuxuetudi”。

  21suidexuyulunshilaizifudandaxueshuxuexide“xueba”,4geyueqianlaidaohefei,zuzhuzaizhongkedahongshepangdeyijiangongyu。

  yijianketang、yikuaiheiban,meicihuanraoyipianlunwen,yirenxiataijiang,dashitaixiating。xuyulunshuo,dangxianshengzaitaishangjiangbuxiaqule,wangbingjiuhuicongdengzishang“tiao”daojiangtaishang,naqifenbiyudashiyiluxiangxiatuidao。“dashihuanxiaozhehuishangshuxue,henshichunjie。woganjue,zheibianshishuxuexihaozhedediyu。”

  laiziliaoningdeyiming吉林快三开奖网boshishengshuo,dangdudongyipianlunwen、chuliyigekunnan,youxieyangyangduijing,wangjiaoyuanhuigaozhita,“titimubichulitimugengzhuyao”“shuxuedebianjingshiyulaiyudade”。

  “shangshiwendao,qinerxingzhi;zhongshiwendao,ruocunruowang;xiashiwendao,daxiaozhi。”21suidezhaoxinruishuo,zishenzaihuishangbanshangjidezuiqingxide,shidaoshiyuanyong《pindejing》lidezheiduanhua,“zheishishuxueyantaodedibuhezhiqudidian。”

  留下新的“鹅卵石”

  “cikedexiansheng,biwoxishizaizhongkedanianshushidechengdugaoliangduo,yixiebenkeshengyidaodalewaiyangmingxiaoyantaoshengchengdu。”wangbingshuo,shuxuekuadayidaidairendeduiji,buzhishiyigeren,ershiyigedaxue、yigeguodudeshi,takanhaozhongguoshuxuedeyuanjing。

  duizhengshiyucesuoyinfadepangdashehuifanying,chenxiuxionghewangbingdou“chuhuliaoxiang”。“wohenhuankuai,danyuannengxishougengduodenianqingrenlaiyantaogenbenxueke,buzhishishuxue,lingyouwuli、huaxue……genbenxingderenwuxuyaoyourenzuo。”chenxiuxiongshuo。

  “lunwenbanfajinhou,woshoudaoliangduoyoujian,daduoshiyaolunwen,bushaorenshufaduishuxuedejingmu,lingyourenzichengshi‘beijinrongchiwudeshuxuexihaozhe’。”wangbingshuo,zhongguorijianzhuangda,xuyaogengduoyouyidenianqingrenchuqu,hangshiguodudeshuxuezhiji。

  zaipeileiermanzhengshipangjialaiyucedelunwenzhong,liuxialeyiduanhua:xiayibu,choubanyantao“hamierdun-tianyuce”。

  “zheigezhiyin,shizanmenyantaozheiyiyucedeyuanyou。”wangbingshuo,ruoshizhengshi“hamierdun-tianyuce”shixunmi“zuiwanshandeeluanshi”,zaitaliangneipianlunwenhejinhoudeqiyulunwenzhong,tamenyeliuxialexindebiaodemude、xindexiansuo。youruxinde“eluanshi”,zheishishuxuejiedechuancheng,yeshizhixiangjianglaidelubiao。

(yuanzaiyu《xinhuazhuridianxun》 2020-11-16 7ban)

打印 义务编辑:董凯悦

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