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太空中的衣食住行

2020-11-19 光亮日报 刘孜铭 吴唯臻
【字体:

yuyinbobao

ziliaotupian

  10yue18ri,“tianwenyihao”zaiyuzhouzhongfeixiangle2.56yiqianmi,wanchengledisanciguidaobantupigai,jiangedaodahuoxinghaixuyaobannianduodeshichen。huoxinghuishirenleixiayigegulima?jingchangyourenruxuwen。

  zi1961niansulianyuhangyuanyouli·aliekexieyeweiqi·jiajialinchengzuoxifang1haoyuzhoufeichuanwanchengchucizairenhangtianshimingshi,renleishezutaikongyikuaiyao60nian。cong“zourutaikong”、“taikongbaocun”dao“taikonghukou”,yuhangyuantaikonghukoudepinzhiyiyoulezhidebenteng。

  

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  chiheguranshirenshengyidaleshi,ruoshihukouzaitaikong,zanmenhainengxingfendixiangshoudacanma?

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  taikongshiwudepinzhongyefengshuoleliangduo,guojikongjianzhanzhongdeyuhangyuanyoushangbaizhongcanpin,tamennenggouyexuyexuyexuyexutiaoxuanbenshendeyongcandasuan——guranzheiyiyongcandasuanshimei8tianlunhuide。zheibingbuguzhangyuhangyuanmenkaipixindetaikongbingdang:xiaobinggan、rishishousi、huashengjiangbinggun,naizhishi“mingtiandekafei”——fenjinhaohangtianfeijidepishiguanzaicaifangzhonggaoaodizhanxianleyipizaishengshui,erzhiliaoshishenmetianranxianeryijian。

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  zanmennenggouyexuyexuyexuyexujianjieqishenzaimougexingqiuhuowaitaikongkongjianzhongma?jinchaokanlaizheihaishibunenggouyexuyexuyexuyexude。buguanshixianjieduandetaikongzhan,haishishexiangzhongde“huoxingzhimindi”,renleidouxuyaoyigechongzupangzajianrendetianranjianzhulaiyanhubenshen。duoguoxiezuo、yunyingduoniandeguojikongjianzhan,shixianjieduanduyizhenzhengwanchengchijiuqishengongxiaodetaikongchanghe。guojikongjianzhanwaibubiyizuowujushigongyuyaokuankuoliangduo,chuyongyukeyanyongchudechangshishi,haishezhiyouliangjianyushi、jianshenjucuocuoshiheyige360dushixiandetuchuxianchuang。

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  kongjianzhanzhonglingyouyigejingchangbeiqinghuquebibukequede“shehuashezhishebeibaishe”:maoce。tayexugengxiangxichenqi,nenggouyexuyexuyexuyexufashengzhuangdadexili,jiangfenmiwuminjiexiru。ruoshisulvbugoukuai,fenmiwuzaishizhongqingkuangxiahenqingyisisanpiaokai,neiyangdehuamianguranshirenherendoubutaiqingyuanshexiangde。taikongmaocedeqimixinghenaiqinshixingxuyaobikongzhongshangdemaoceyaogaoliangduo,haiyaoshebeiwushuichuzhitixi,tiqufenmiwuzhongdeshuicongtoucaozong。benniannasabaosongdaokongjianzhande“shehuamaoce”zaojiagaoda2300wanmeiyuan,yuhangyuanmenjiangzaikongjianzhanshangduizheitaimaocedejinengtingzhiceshi,zheitaomaocetixiyexuhuibeicaozongzaiyihoudedengyuehuohuoxingshimingbangbian。

  

  yuzhoukongjianrusiguangmo,qishenzaitaikongzhongderenwujiyujinlaikankanma?kehuandapianzhongdexingjiyueqian、chuansuochongdong,zaimingtianhaigengxiangshizhishouhuantiandiyileideshenhua。renleijinchaonenggouyexuyexuyexuyexudaodadesulvyuanbudieguangsudeqianfenzhiyi,jibianshiyunzhuanguidaojiangediqiubilaidehuoxing,hangtianqiyeyaopofei7geyueyishangdeshichen,lvlipangzadebianguinenglidaoda。

  xianjieduandetaikongchuxingshouyaoyituohangtianfeijihezairenfeixiangqi,liangduoguojikongjianfeixiangqidoudaofangguoguojikongjianzhan,baosongshimingzhiyuanhewuzhi。zhiyuqutaikonglisanmanbu,haishikewangerbukejide。guranzaozai1965niansulianyuhangyuanjiuyizouchucangmen,taikongxingzouzaimingtianrengranbingfeiyishi。chucangxingzoushixuyaotizaoliangduotianchoubandeyanzhongbulv,jibianshishebeiqibeideyuhangyuan,zaiyuzhouqingkuangzhongrengranmianduizhexiangchengshuipingdeweixian。chuxuyaodedongxizhuangpei、weixiuyutaikongxingzouchangshi,yuhangyuanmenputongbuhuizouchucangmen。

  2008nian9yue27ri,zhongguoyuhangyuanzhaizhigangwanchenglewoguochucitaikongxingzoushiming,zhongguochengweidisangezilibawokongjianchucangshouyideguodu。tongzhiqianqiyuguodudechucangshimingleisi,zhaizhigangyecaozongqidaishixingzou,jingyouguochengyigenyoucuyouzhangde“dianqidai”tongfeichuanxianglian。

  yexuzaijianglai,genzhedantinuodongzhuangpeidejinyibugailiang,yuhangyuannenggouyexuyexuyexuyexuzaicangwaigengzizaidibulv,feixiangqidesulvyejiangbushijinsheng,zanzhurenleixianggengguangmodeyuzhoujinfa。

  dianmoshushiniandetaikongmosuo,zanmenyinenggouyexuyexuyexuyexujubushiciketaikonghukou。zanmennenggouyexuyexuyexuyexuchongjingjianglai,yeyingyizhixincunweijing——zaihaodadeyuzhou,yingjianyigekongjianzhan、zhizuoyigetaikongjidi,naizhiyiminlingyigexingqiu,yexudoubuguoruyizhuxue。yueshishenqieyuzhou,shikongdejianshen、renlidewuxianyuwuxian,jiuyuechongshidishanxianchulai。

  congyipianyiliaoheyilizhongzidongshen,congzaikongjianzhongnenggouyexuyexuyexuyexuzaoshoudemeiyidianjiankudongshen,renleizhengzaizouxiangguanghuiguangmodexingkong。“yunwai”yu“tiangong”,yibingbuneiyangyouyuan。

(zuozhe:liuziming,xizhongguomixinyuanguodudiyutaiboshi;wuweizhen,xibeijingdaxuexiansheng)

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